The 12th grade science proficiency wording the
Ohio Board of Education asked for public comment on

Last updated: Friday, February 24, 2012

  The public was given the opportunity to comment on the following wording. The one we had the greatest concern with is highlighted in yellow.

History and Nature of Science

1. Evaluate or design an investigation, including clarifying logical connections between guiding scientific ideas and experimental methods, identifying controls, variables and plausible outcomes and analyzing errors and safety issues.
2. Analyze scientific conclusions as presented in popular and technical sources (e.g., advertisements, newspaper articles, journals) including applying rules of evidence and logical argument, assessing trade-offs and/or formulating alternative solutions.
3. Examine milestones in the development of scientific theories, models, and technology in response to needs and new evidence by identifying and explaining the significance of the contributions of given men and women from different parts of the world.
4. Given an example of a technological device or system used in a scientific investigation, explain science concepts used in its operation and/or analyze its benefits in doing scientific inquiry (e.g., making observations, analyzing data, modeling relationships).

Physical Science

5. Utilize molecular models of organic and inorganic substances, ranging from simple to complex, to quantitatively and qualitatively explain, interpret or predict properties of substances and experimental results.
6. Analyze and make predictions about the motion and causes of motion of objects, including motions of non-rotating objects in two-dimensions.
7. Apply the principles of conservation (mass/energy, charge) and entropy to predict the effects or analyze the results of changing components in technological systems (e.g., mass transportation, public utilities, amusement park rides, electrical circuits).

Earth and Space Science

8. Using geological, hydrological, and meteorological cycles, analyze and interpret scientific data to make informed decisions.
9. Interpret astronomical observations within and beyond the solar system and relate these to our understanding of earth.
10. Evaluate renewable and non-renewable resources for efficient use and environmental impact.

Life Science

11. Analyze and compare the interrelationship between structure and regulatory and biochemical processes within organisms.
12. Apply an understanding of nucleic acid structure and function to evaluate biotechnology and genetic engineering related issues (e.g., medical, legal, ethical, social, health).
13. Describe changes in populations based on the development of species over time from simple to complex organisms and based on natural selection, natural variation, relationships between species and environmental conditions.
14. Evaluate and analyze the impact and influence of human activities upon living and non-living components of the earth, including economic, environmental and societal issues.

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